That too was successful and Parliament rescinded all of the Townshend Acts in except the tax on tea which the English believed showed their right to tax the colonies. The action united all parties in Britain against the American radicals.
Rebels in Boston disguised themselves as North Americans, boarded the tea ships, and dumped the tea cargo overboard in protest. Provided nevertheless, That no such licence shall be granted, unless it shall first be made to appear to the satisfaction of the commissioners of his Majesty's treasury, or any three or more of them, or the high treasurer for the time being, that at the time of taking out such teas, for the exportation of which licence or licences shall be granted, there will be left remaining in the warehouses of the said united company, a quantity of tea not less than ten millions of pounds weight; any thing herein, or in any other act of parliament, contained to the contrary thereof notwithstanding.
Since Parliament had a long history of using duties to regulate imperial trade, Townshend expected that the colonists would acquiesce to the imposition of the new taxes. The fact that the agents commissioned by the company to sell its tea included a number of pro-Parliament men only added fuel to the fire.
In the l8th century, the British proudly based their national identity on the twin pillars of international trade and the rule of law.
The Taxation of Colonies Act repealed the tea tax and others that had been imposed on the colonies, but it proved insufficient to end the war.
The Destruction of the Tea If Parliament expected that the lowered cost of tea would mollify the colonists into acquiescing to the Tea Act, it was gravely mistaken. In New York and Philadelphia, opposition to the Act resulted in the return of tea delivered there back to Britain. That started the trend of Americans of having coffee as their preferred drink, which continues today.
The men boarded the tea ships and over a three-hour span, dumped the tea into Boston Harbor in front of a large crowd of townspeople. Duties on tea charged in Britain destined for North America "and foreign parts" would either be refunded on export or not imposed. The Sons of Liberty had several mass meetings and finally decided to act.