Therefore, that is what Hawthorne believed to be the definition of evil and sin; an individual chooses to do an action that is considered sinful.
Dimmesdale, Hester, and Chillingworth all keep their relationships to one another secret, so all three characters exist in isolation within the community, although Hester is the only one who has been officially banished.
Hester has decided to deal with her infidelities in silence and independently. The Puritan society was also known not to act out of Christian love, but to cruelly lash out at those who sinned or were deemed unfit for society. The red of the letter, standing for adultery, reminds the reader of the rosebush and the letter that later appears in the sky.
By looking deep into nature, one can find the inner workings of the universe and the simplicity of life. It is important to note, however, that even this young mother has brought her child to witness the punishment, passing these morals and behaviors to the next generation.
Hester believes herself a widow, but her husband, Roger Chillingworth, arrives in New England very much alive and conceals his identity.