A research on the factors that influence gender identity
Even where it is not socially sanctioned, romantic and sexual feelings begin to emerge and gender roles play out as young people begin to negotiate intimate relationships [ 28 ]. All extracted data were verified by two of the reviewers AK, SG ; discrepancies were resolved through discussion within the team.
How does culture affect gender identity
International human rights law The Yogyakarta Principles , a document on the application of international human rights law , provide in the preamble a definition of gender identity as each person's deeply felt internal and individual experience of gender, which may or may not correspond with the sex assigned at birth, including the person's sense of the body which may involve, if freely chosen, modification of bodily appearance or function by medical, surgical or other means and other experience of gender, including dress, speech and mannerism. Because each person is different in their race, class, and sexuality, their gender becomes socially constructed For example, mothers who practiced more traditional behaviors around their children resulted in the son displaying fewer stereotypes of male roles while the daughter displayed more stereotypes of female roles. For example, themes related to variations in gender attitudes across factors such as biological sex, age and pubertal development were organized at the individual level, while the interpersonal relationship level included findings that addressed themes related to the association between gender attitudes and parental, sibling and peer factors. Fa'afafine are accepted as a natural gender, and neither looked down upon nor discriminated against. The pathologization of difference has led to gender-transgressive children and adolescents being confined in psychiatric institutions, and subjected to aversion techniques — including electroshock therapy — as a 'cure'. Learn how and when to remove this template message In , John Money proposed that gender identity was malleable and determined by whether a child was raised as male or female in early childhood. It is important to note that not all gender norms and attitudes are harmful. The most influential factor of gender development, however, is still a very controversial issue. For both quantitative and qualitative studies, four reviewers AK, SG, AD, GNR independently assessed the overall quality of each study by summarizing the section ratings for each criteria into a global rating for the study as strong no weak ratings , moderate one or two weak ratings , or low three or more weak or unclear ratings quality. Children who are taught that certain traits or activities are appropriate or inappropriate for them to engage because they are a girl or a boy do tend to internalize and be influenced by these teachings in later life.
That the work of G. On the other hand, gender is associated with the social constructionist theory, which argues that the way we are is dependent on our race, class, and sexuality.
As much as we want to say that things are better now and the roles seem to be more open, it is still very present that people, especially parents, tend to want their kids to take on a certain personality or interests that correlates to how they see gender roles and where their gender attitude lies because that is the way society taught up to think.
In many societies, boys also engage in more health harming behaviors than girls such as early and heavy smoking, alcohol and illicit drug use [ 5 ] and are more likely than girls to engage in early and unprotected sexual behaviors [ 8 ]. However, girls with high androgen levels tend to display more gender-stereotypic male traits and behaviors than do than their same-age hormonally-normal peers.
No correlation was found between a father's behavior and his children's knowledge of stereotypes of their own gender.
Social and environmental factors influencing gender identity
In this review, we focus on personal gender attitudes, which we define as the individual perceptions, beliefs or endorsement of gender norms [ 10 ] e. According to John Carl: Gender is defined as the personal traits and position in society connected with being male or female. The subject of sexual identity holds opinions on both sides of this argument and remains a salient issue in modern research. All extracted data were verified by two of the reviewers AK, SG ; discrepancies were resolved through discussion within the team. Khaniths have their own households, performing all tasks both male and female. All qualitative and quantitative study designs were eligible for inclusion. Abstract Background Early adolescence ages 10—14 is a period of increased expectations for boys and girls to adhere to socially constructed and often stereotypical norms that perpetuate gender inequalities. Homosexual, Bisexual and Trans-gendered Youth Subject as they are to intense biological and social conditioning pushing them towards a particular conclusion, most boys develop a primarily masculine gender-identity, and most girls develop a primarily feminine gender-identity. Data extraction and quality assessments were conducted using standardized templates by study design. Ninety percent of studies were from North America or Western Europe.
The nursery in the hospital assigns either a blue name plate for a boy or a pink name plate for a girl. The production of testosterone then induces the masculinizing effects on the rest of the body. These effects are supported by monozygotic twin studies in Denmark. These youth have a different experience of anxiety and incongruence due to their gender-identity being out of sync with social expectation because of their homosexual or trans-gender identity.
According to the DSM-IV-TR, Gender Identity Disorder is characterized by a strong, persistent cross-gender identification, persistent discomfort with his or her sex or sense of inappropriateness in their gender role of that sex.
One cannot help but have a certain mindset already placed for each gender that they are expecting.
based on 85 review